Our close-knit, interdisciplinary faculty allows research training that emphasizes an integrative approach and includes expertise in molecular, cellular, bioengineering, and in vivo research methodologies. The Oral Biology Program was founded with the idea that its faculty would have dual degrees in clinical dentistry and basic science. Thus, the early faculty all entered with D.M.D. or D.D.S. degrees and Ph.D. degrees in a basic biomedical science discipline.